Managing A Quail Farm

Managing A Quail Farm

Quail farming requires proper management. Prior to learning how to handle a quall farm, we have to be aware of what quail farming is all about. Quail farming is the commercial raising of quails for profitable meat and egg production. Quails are poultry birds from a rare species and are very easy to maintain.

Quail farming is a very profitable business owing to the fact that quail meat and eggs are sweeter and tastier than that for other poultry. You should write a quail farming business plan when you venture into quail farming.

To properly manage a quail farm, an understanding of quails and their life cycle is essential. One step at a time, we will go through every aspect that forms part of quail farming.Related image

Quail birds

Quail birds are very hardy; small sized which grow very fast, gaining maturity earlier than other poultry birds with a weight of 150 – 200 grams. Within 6 to 7 weeks, they start laying eggs which are of multiple colors. The eggs weigh 7 – 15 grams and contain vitamin A, B1, and B2 and contain more phosphorus, iron, and protein than that of other poultry. It also contains less cholesterol than chicken eggs. Quail eggs take about 16 – 18 days to hatch and do not require an incubator. In their first year, quails lay 300 eggs. With subsequent years, the amount of eggs a quail lays decreases. Quail meat is tasty and nutritious too.

Having understood the characteristics of quails, several things become evident including:

  • They require small space to raise and rear them since they are small-sized. The space required to rear one chicken is enough to raise six to seven quails.
  • They are less prone to diseases and health problems given that they are very hardy and strong poultry birds. Hence, rearing them involves small risks.
  • Their feeding costs are lower.
  • The eggs sell for a small price since they are small. This has a positive and a negative effect. You will make small amount of money from the sale of one quail egg. However, the small price of a quail egg attracts many customers hence you can make more sales and you won’t have to worry about its marketability.

With your choice of quail type or breed, here are tips on how to manage your quail farm.

Quail Feeding

Quail feed is essential to the success of a quail farming business. Provide your quails with balanced feed regularly in order to keep your quails healthy and highly productive. 20 – 25 grams of food is consumed by an adult quail daily. 

Quail chick feed should contain 27% of protein

Quail adult feed should contain 22-24% of protein

Quail Egg Production

Adequate light is highly necessary for the quails to produce the desired egg quality, depending on the season. Artificial light and heat can be provided by using a heater or an electric bulb. 

For every five female quails, keep one male quail for successful breeding. Always keep the quails’ house dry and clean for better egg production. Select highly productive breeds too.

Raising Quail Chicks

Quail eggs are never incubated. Quail chicks can be produced by hatching the eggs using incubators or through chickens. After 16 to 18 days, the quail eggs are ready to hatch. 16 hours of daily lighting is required for production of good eggs. From their birth, quail chicks need artificial temperature and heat management system for 14 to 21 days. Keep in mind the following factors while raising quail chicks: Adequate temperature, sufficient light, proper air movement, Density of quail chicks, Supply of food and water and Hygienic rearing rules.

To keep them free from diseases, manage them well. Quails are not provided any illness preventive vaccines. The chicks can’t tolerate weather change, and sudden temperature change. Hence, if they experience sudden temperature or weather changes they get sick

Hygienic Quail Farming Tips

Follow these tips to keep your quails healthy.

  • Keep their house always dry and clean.
  • Proper light movement and air in quail house is an essential.
  • Different aged quails should be kept separate from each other.
  • Disease-affected quails should be kept away from healthy one.
  • When a quail dies, bury or burn it.
  • No other bird or animal should enter the quail house
  • Give your quails a balanced diet daily
  • Provide adequate water for them on a daily basis.


An established market for quail products already exists due to their affordable prices owing to their small size, their highly enriched nutrient elements and delicious taste. Marketing your quail products should therefore not worry you since you can easily the eggs and meat can easily be sold in your local market.

Quail farming is the one type of business that is definitely interesting and profitable.


Category Business